Investigations for detection and treatments of Cancer of Cervix

Various examinations have been developed and devised to confirm the probabilities of Cancer of the Cervix. The investigation procedures are as follows:

10.1. The Pap smear

10.2. Colposcopy Exam

10.3. Cervical Biopsy and Endocervical Curettage

10.4. Cone Biopsy and loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)

 

10.1. The Pap smear

The Pap smear plays a vital role in diagnosing cervical cancer. It is how most women discover they suffer from cervical dysplasia or cervical cancer. The Pap smear is a simple test that can reveal cervical abnormalities long before they progress into cancer.

10.2. Colposcopy exam

If Pap smear results reveal cervical abnormalities, a Colposcopy is then scheduled. A Colposcopy is an in-office exam that allows the doctor to view the cervix more closely with a colposcope. A colposcope is a lighted instrument that magnifies the cervix. It rests externally, outside of the vagina, during the exam. The images seen from the colposcope may be projected on a computer or television screen. You are not obligated to watch, but it may help you understand the exam better.

10.3. Cervical Biopsy and Endocervical Curettage

During the Colposcopy, the doctor may perform a cervical biopsy depending on what is found during the exam. A cervical biopsy involves removing small amount of cervical tissue to be examined under a microscope. It takes only seconds for the doctor to gain a tissue sample and is only momentarily uncomfortable. Depending on the findings during the Colposcopy, a few areas of the cervix may be biopsied.

Along with a cervical biopsy, an endocervical curettage (ECC) may also be done. During an ECC, the doctor uses a small brush to remove tissue from the endocervical canal, the narrow area between the uterus and cervix. An ECC can be moderately painful, but the pain disappears when the ECC is done.

Biopsy and ECC results usually take less than two weeks to return. Your doctor may have you schedule another visit to go over the results with you or he/she may call you by phone to inform you of the results.

10.4. Cone Biopsy and loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)

There are times when a larger biopsy needs to be done to diagnose cervical cancer. In these cases, a cone biopsy may be performed. During a cone biopsy, a cone shaped piece of tissue is removed under general anesthesia. A cone biopsy is also used to remove pre-cancerous tissue from the cervix.

A loop electro surgical excision procedure (LEEP) is a procedure done under local anesthesia to remove tissue from the cervix. A LEEP uses an electrically charged wire loop to remove a tissue sample. This method is more commonly used to treat high grade cervical dysplasia, rather than diagnose cervical cancer.

Modern therapies prescribed for treatment of Cancer of Cervix

11.1. Limited, noninvasive cancer investigation methods

Limited non invasive methods of treatment of Cervical Cancer are used when only the outside layers of the cervix require removal to treat the Cancer of Cervix. As such no additional treatments are required for women after non

invasive cancer.

The various limited non invasive treatments of cancer are:
11.1.1. Cone Biopsy (Conization)
11.1.2. Laser Surgery
11.1.3. Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
11.1.4. Cryosurgery
11.1.5. Hysterectomy

11.2. Treatments for Invasive Cancer of Cervix

When the Cancer of Cervix invades deep than the superficial layers of the Cervix, then the Cancer of the cervix is labeled as the Invasive type of cancer. The treatment of such Cancer depends on various factors such as the stage of cancer, other related health problem associated with the person.

11.2.1. Surgery
11.2.2. Complete Hysterectomy
11.2.3. Radiation
11.2.4. Chemotherapy

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