India has been making good progress and the need of urbanisation is being addressed through what is known as smart cities challenge. One can read about Smart Cities challenge over here: http://www.smartcitieschallenge.in/.
Check this full length article to know more about how to make a smart city, what are the guidelines, requirements to make a city classified as a smart city.
The need of urbanisation
Every country in the world can grow and become better only if it has good infrastructure and India being the superpower, has no shortcuts either. As of 2011, according to Census data, 31% of population of the country resides in urban areas. This 31% population generates 63% of India’s GDP. It is estimated that by year 2030 A.D., India will have urban areas to house 40% of total population and the same will be contributing to 75% of GDP. Keeping this goal in mind, there is an immense requirement that India builds up on its existing infrastructure, cities and also on opportunities for higher education and reduction in brain drain. This improvement in the quality of services has been coined as Smart city, which means instead of just increasing in the quantity of so called urban areas, more attention should be given to making cities less dependent on polluting fossil fuel, make more and more use of renewable energies, increase efficiency and productivity of the system. Thus the next question could be, “What is a Smart city?”.
What is a Smart city?
Given the geographical span of India, the definition of a city being a smart city must vary according to available resources, level of development and the purpose of a particular area to become a smart city.
Thus keeping this in mind, there are certain criteria which can define how a city becomes a smart city in its own individuality. The basic criteria for a city to work towards being a smart city could be as follows:
- Institutional development
- Physical development
- Social development
- Economic infrastructure development
Smartness on these basic criteria can decide whether a city becomes a smart city in a long term. Smartness means how better and how efficient these services are made available for people residing in the particular city.
This can be also measured on how transparent are services available to a person. Is the person being made to stand in long queues and yet not know whether the service be attainable or would he/she end up in corruption? Is there any under table business or is it that an individual gets their requirements in less time and in a efficient manner? Increased efficiency, comprehensive infrastructure, easy aspirations, ideal urban eco-system add to the layers of smartness. Smartness should also be able to give a decent quality of life to the citizens. Environment should be clean, sustainable and application with and by smart solutions. Sustainability and replicability should also be considered as once a smart city, it is umpteen important to maintain the cities and should be a all time effort.
Core requirements for Smart City eligibility
The following are the basic infrastructure elements in making of a Smart City:
- Adequate water supply
- Assured electricity supply
- Efficient sanitation
- Proper solid waste management
- Efficient urban mobility and public transport
- Affordable housing
- Robust IT connectivity with digitalization
- Corruption free governance with e-Government and citizen participation
- Sustain environment
- Safety and Security for citizens with special consideration towards women, children and elderly
- Good quality health standards and services
- Proper education services
Smart solutions is yet another category which determines how efficient and better are the above mentioned services provided. Some of the heads under which these services are measured are as follows:
E-Governance and Citizen services
- Public information, grievance redressal
- Electronic service delivery
- Citizen engagement
- Citizens – City’s eyes and ears
- Video crime monitoring
- Waste to energy and fuel