Pap Smear Test procedure for Cancer of Cervix

14.1. Procedure of Pap Smear Test A Pap test should not be done when a woman is menstruating. However, Pap smears can be performed during a woman’s menstrual period, especially if the physician is using a liquid-based test; if bleeding is extremely heavy, endometrial cells can obscure cervical cells, and it is therefore inadvisable to […]

Staging of Cancer of Cervix

Staging of Cancer of Cervix 12.1. Stage 0 Full – thickness involvement of the epithelium; without invasion into the stroma (carcinoma in situ). 12.2. Stage I – Limited to the cervix IA – Diagnosed only by microscopy; no visible lesions IA1 – Stromal invasion less than 3 mm in depth and 7 mm or less […]

Investigations for detection and treatments of Cancer of Cervix

Various examinations have been developed and devised to confirm the probabilities of Cancer of the Cervix. The investigation procedures are as follows: 10.1. The Pap smear 10.2. Colposcopy Exam 10.3. Cervical Biopsy and Endocervical Curettage 10.4. Cone Biopsy and loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)   10.1. The Pap smear The Pap smear plays a vital […]

Signs and Symptoms and stages of pathological increment of cancer of cervix

The symptoms of the Cancer of Cervix are often going unnoticed as they have the ability to impersonate the symptomatology of other ailments and diseases. Many a times the symptoms of Cancer of Cervix go away without any warning signs as a part of Post Menopausal Syndrome or as a part of the pains during […]

Risk Factors, pathogenesis and histopathology in Cancer of Cervix

8.1. Risk Factors for Cancer of Cervix The Risk Factors which involve in making a woman susceptible to develop Cancer of Cervix are as follows: Human Papilloma Virus Infection Smoking Immunosuppression Chlamydia infection Diet Oral Contraceptive Pills Multiple Full Term Pregnancies Pregnancy at Young age Poverty and low hygiene Diethylstilbestrol (DES) Family history of cervical […]

The Human Papilloma Virus and Cancer of Cervix – A brief description

7.1 Introduction to Papilloma Viruses The nature of the warts on the basis of virulence was shown by using a filtrate, which was free of cells. Papilloma viruses stayed out of hand to the studies in standard virology because the main problem lied in the methods of propagating the papillomaviruses in standard conditions of Temperature […]

Histology of the Cervix in brief

5.1 Significance of Histology of Cervix Histological analysis of the Cervix is an important aspect from the point of this study as this study us related to the changes in the tissue and cellular level of that of the Cervix and thus is worth mentioning in the Thesis. Also histological study is worth in effective […]

Complete detail about Anatomy of Cervix

4.1. Introduction to Cervix The narrow and lower portion of the Uterus which continues the Uterus with the upper end of Vagina is known as the Cervix (Neck in Latin) of the Uterus. The shape of the Cervix is Cylindrical or conical which projects through the anterior wall of the Vagina. When inspected by the […]

Cancer and Homeopathy in structure

3.3. Cancer and homoeopathy In the methodology of case taking in homoeopathy, a complete disease picture of the patient is taken. This comprises of the physical generals, the physical particulars, the mental generals, thermal reaction, the constitutional and physical make up and other in-depths of the patient which allow us to compare it with the […]

Genetics and cancer-genesis in relation to Homeopathy

Some fundamental principles of the genetic basis of cancer show us the significance of genes in the formation and mutation in cancers. 3.2.1. Nonlethal genetic damage lies at the heart of carcinogenesis. Such genetic damage (or mutation) may be acquired by the action of environmental agents, such as chemicals, radiation, or viruses, or it may […]

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