The independence day of Peru marks the separation of Peru from Spain in the year 1821. This separation happened on the 28th July. This day is known as “Fiestas Patrias”.
How is Fiestas Patrias celebrated?
The independence day celebrations usually begin with the observation of St. James day, on the 25th of July.
Fiestas Patrias is usually a two day holiday. On the days when 28th July falls on Tuesdays, then the second holiday is observed on Mondays, so that people get to enjoy 3 days holidays including Sunday.
People of Peru hoist the national flag during the whole month of July.
There is also a Mass known as Mass of Te Deum as mandated by the Roman Catholic Church. The Mass officially opens at 9 am in the morning.
The president address the people of Peru and gives an account of all the changes and developments happened during the year.
History of Fiestas Patrias – Independence of Peru
Spain was the first to colonise Peru. This dated back to the 15th century. In the early decades of the 19th century, many battles were fought throughout Latin America for independence from the European countries and mainly Spain. But apart from some local uprisings and riots, Peru remained loyal to the Spanish crown. For their own protection, Argentina and Chile entered into a treat, to remove Spanish government from Peru.
Using Peru as an military area, the Viceroy in Peru launched campaigns against Argentina and Chile. But the Viceroy with the Royalist forces were defeated and on 28 July 1821, Jose San Martin, an Argentinian Commander declared the independence of Peru. Further through the battle of Ayacucho under the leadership of Jose San Martin and Simon Bolivar, complete independence was gained for Peru in 1824.
However, it wasn’t until 1824, following the decisive victory came at the Battle of Ayacucho, under the leadership of Simon Bolivar and Jose San Martin, that independence was achieved.
How is the independence day of Peru celebrated?
The independence day celebrations of Peru begin on the 27th with folk music at Parks and plazas with communal get togethers. On the 28th, the Armed forces give a 21 gun salute with flag hoisting ceremony in the capital city of Peru – Lima.
On the 29th, celebrations happen across the country for the Armed forces and National police and there are large military parades.