Staging of Cancer of Cervix
12.1. Stage 0
Full – thickness involvement of the epithelium; without invasion into the stroma (carcinoma in situ).
12.2. Stage I – Limited to the cervix
IA – Diagnosed only by microscopy; no visible lesions
IA1 – Stromal invasion less than 3 mm in depth and 7 mm or less in horizontal spread
IA2 – Stromal invasion between 3 and 5 mm with horizontal spread of 7 mm or less
IB – Visible lesion or a microscopic lesion with more than 5 mm of depth or horizontal spread of more than 7 mm
IB1 – Visible lesion 4 cm or less in greatest dimension
IB2 – Visible lesion more than 4 cm
12.3. Stage II – Invades beyond cervix
IIA – Without parametrial invasion, but involve upper 2/3 of vagina
IIB – With parametrial invasion
12.4. Stage III – Extends to pelvic wall or lower third of the vagina
IIIA – Involves lower third of vagina
IIIB – Extends to pelvic wall and/or causes hydronephrosis or non-functioning kidney
12.5. Stage IV
IVA – Invades mucosa of bladder or rectum and/or extends beyond true pelvis
IVB – Distant metastasis
- Recent Advances in the knowledge and treatment option for Cancer of Cervix
Vaccination is the recent advance in the treatment of Cervix. Vaccination option becomes more of a prevention treatment and studies are going on to test the usability and advantage in women who are vaccinated against the Cancer of Cervix compared to those women who are not vaccinated against Cancer of Cervix. The report below is a news article from the United States of America Food and Drug Administration Department regarding the launching of the Cervarix Vaccine. Other vaccine present is the Gardasil.
Preventive Measures for Cancer of Cervix
As the saying goes, Prevention is better than cure, and the prevention steps towards being affected by Cancer of Cervix by which one can get known early about whether they are affected by Cancer of Cervix.
Prevention measures are taken up by screening suspected women for Cancer of Cervix. Screening is carried out Pap test, also known as Pap smear or Papanicolou Smear Test.